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About AAPOR

Founded in 1947, the American Association for Public Opinion Research is the leading association of public opinion and survey research professionals.

The AAPOR community includes producers and users of survey data from a variety of disciplines. Our members span a range of interests including election polling, market research, statistics, research methodology, health-related data collection and education.

Membership in AAPOR is all about opportunity – the opportunity to learn from a diverse group of leaders in the survey and public opinion research field, the opportunity to network and exchange knowledge and the opportunity to improve how survey research is conducted and disseminated.

Learn more about the benefits of AAPOR membership.

“I became a member of AAPOR more than 20 years ago, primarily to advance my own career. I CONTINUE to be a member of AAPOR to help advance the survey and public opinion research field.”

Robert Santos, The Urban Institute

“My membership in AAPOR is vital in maintaining regular contact with our professional colleagues from around the nation and in keeping up to date with the latest developments in public opinion and survey research.”

Jon Cohen, SurveyMonkey

"It is our members' professionalism, experience and dedication to excellence that makes AAPOR a leader in enhancing and promoting the public opinion and survey research industry."

Nancy Mathiowetz, AAPOR President, 2007-08

Our Mission

The American Association for Public Opinion Research (AAPOR) is a professional organization dedicated to advancing the science and practice of survey and opinion research to give people a voice in the decisions that affect their daily lives.

  • Educate policy makers, the media and the public at large to help them make better use of surveys and survey findings;
  • Educate practitioners on new developments affecting our field;
  • Advocate the highest standards of ethical conduct for survey and opinion research;
  • Encourage and disseminate research and innovations that improve our methods;
  • Encourage and disseminate systematic analyses of public opinion on the major issues of the day;
  • Promote best practices in collecting, analyzing, and interpreting survey data;
  • Provide opportunities for our members to exchange views and promote the values of our organization; and
  • Act as an advocate for survey and opinion research and its practitioners.

Amended: December 2013

AAPOR History

The American Association for Public Opinion Research has a long and rich history.

AAPOR was founded in 1947 by a group of dedicated public opinion research pioneers. They and about 70 of their colleagues had responded to a call from Harry H. Field, director of the National Opinion Research Center, then at the University of Denver, to attend a meeting in Central City, Colorado, July 29 – 31, 1946. The meeting was held in the historic Opera House.

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Code of Ethics

All AAPOR members sign the Code of Professional Ethics and Practice, pledging to maintain high standards of scientific competence and integrity in conducting, analyzing and reporting not only the results of their research but the methods behind them. Much of AAPOR’s work is focused on developing and promoting resources that help researchers meet these demanding, but vital standards.

Together we:

  • Promote best practices in collecting, analyzing and interpreting survey data.
  • Educate practitioners on new developments affecting our field, and help policymakers and the public make better use of surveys and survey findings.
  • Advocate the highest standards of ethical conduct.
  • Encourage and disseminate research and innovations that improve our methods.

Strategic Plan

AAPOR2025 is a decade-long initiative to help define the future for AAPOR as an association of members united around a common set of interests.  The cornerstone is the AAPOR2025 Strategic Vision, which provides forward-looking guidance for the long-term strategic thinking of the association over the next decade.

Consistent with our mission and goals, the AAPOR2025 Strategic Vision serves as a statement on the character and purpose of AAPOR in the year 2025 with the hope of ensuring that our organization remains vibrant, prominent and relevant for future generations of members.

Developed by a task force established by AAPOR Executive Council in December 2013, the document reflects the views and opinions of a wide range of members and focuses on several critical areas:

  • Upholding our shared common values and member diversity across multiple dimensions
  • Embracing new ways of conceptualizing and measuring “opinions” while maintaining our focus on scientific rigor and transparency
  • Serving members at all career stages through professional development and education
  • Advocating and educating the public, news media, decision-makers and other on the importance of quality measurement and need to support organizations critical to our field
  • Embracing a true global leadership role in our industry

More specific actions to meet the AAPOR2025 and other association goals are contained in AAPOR’s Strategic Plan, which serves as a short- to mid-term blueprint for Council, committee and task force activities. The most current version of this plan was updated by the 2013-14 AAPOR Executive Council.

Comments on AAPOR2025 and the Strategic Plan are welcome. Please email comments with the subject line: AAPOR2025.

Download AAPOR25 Strategic Vision

In issues of AAPOR News, AAPOR Past-President Michael Link will focused on a different aspect of the AAPOR2025 Strategic Vision.

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Bylaws (As amended October 21, 2020)

Section 1. Principal Office. The principal office of the American Association for Public Opinion Research (hereinafter referred to as AAPOR) in the State of Delaware shall be in the City of Wilmington, County of New Castle, and the resident agent in charge thereof shall be the Corporation Trust Company.

Section 2. Other Offices. AAPOR may have offices at such other place or places as the Executive Council may determine from time to time.

Section 1. Membership Qualifications. Any person professionally engaged or interested in research or study in the field of public opinion and survey research, can be accepted as a member of AAPOR if they meet the following qualifications:

a) Completes and submits an AAPOR membership application.  On that application they acknowledge that they have read and subscribe to the AAPOR Conduct Policy and the AAPOR Code of Professional Ethics and Practices (referred to in Article IX of these bylaws), and hereafter referred to as the Code, and;

b) Remits the appropriate annual dues for their membership class as listed on the application and described in Section II.2.

Section 2. Classes of Membership. There shall be four classes of  membership: (a) Regular membership; (b) Student membership, limited to full-time students at an accredited college or university; (c) Joint membership, available to one individual living in the same household as a regular member; (d) Honorary life membership, for which AAPOR members are eligible when they attain the age of 65, provided they have held membership in AAPOR for at least 25 years and have relinquished full-time employment. Honorary life memberships may include any or all regular membership benefits, as determined by the Executive Council.

Section 3. Hardship Waiver.  AAPOR members who are experiencing extreme financial hardship may request the Executive Council to grant a one-year waiver of their membership dues. If granted, the member retains their rights as a member during that waiver period.

Section 4. Duration of Membership.  A member shall continue as such as long as annual dues are paid, or a hardship extension is in effect, until withdrawal, death, or termination or suspension of their membership as hereafter provided. The membership of any Member may be terminated by the Secretary-Treasurer if such Member has not paid their dues within six (6) months from the assessment thereof.

Section 5. Membership Termination and Suspension. Membership that has been terminated or suspended because of non-payment of dues will be reinstated when the appropriate dues are paid, providing they have not been terminated for other reasons stated hereinafter.

The Executive Council may suspend or terminate a Member’s membership status for a violation of the AAPOR Conduct Policy or the AAPOR Code under the following conditions:

(a) The finding that such member is guilty of violating the AAPOR Conduct Policy or the AAPOR Code must be made in accord with the established procedures for investigating alleged violations of the Conduct Policy or the Code.

(b) Both the finding of violation and the termination or suspension of membership must be voted by at least two-thirds (2/3rds) of the Executive Council members present at the meeting at which such votes are taken.

Section 1. Annual Business Meeting. The annual meeting of the Members will be held at an announced time and place during the Annual Conference. The annual meeting will be used to: (a) announce the winners of the election of Executive Councillors that has been held according to Article IV, Section 3; (b) transact other business for consideration of all members as listed on the agenda prepared by the Executive Council and distributed by the Secretary-Treasurer; (c) review the past year’s activities and discuss future actions of AAPOR; and (d) discuss business suggested by AAPOR Members. An official record of the annual meeting will be presented by the Secretary-Treasurer in AAPOR publications including Public Opinion Quarterly, the official AAPOR website, or other communications media as appropriate or directed by the Executive Council. Administrative business such as the approval of minutes and motions to adjourn shall not be subject to quorom requirements.

Section 2. Special Meetings. A special meeting of the Members for any purpose or purposes, unless otherwise prescribed by statute, may be called by the President or by order of the Executive Council at any time and shall be called upon the request of at least one-hundred fifty (150) Members entitled to vote thereat.  The request for a special meeting may be announced and approved through appropriate communications media such as electronic communication or mail.

Section 3. Place of Meeting. Each meeting of the Members of AAPOR shall be held at such place within or without the State of Delaware as shall be fixed by the Executive Council. For Member voting, this meeting may be helf online and consist of the process of voting.

Section 4. Notice of Meetings, Proxies. Notice of each meeting of the Members, whether annual or special, shall be given to each Member entitled to vote thereat, stating the purposes thereof and every matter to be voted thereon together with a proxy enabling each such Member to vote either for or against every such matter, not less than fifteen (15) nor more than forty (40) days before the day on which the meeting is to be held, by delivering a notice thereof to such Member  by their preferred communication method such as electronic communication or mail.

Section 5. Quorum. At each meeting of the Members, except at the Annual Business Meeting and as otherwise provided by law, twenty-five percent (25%) of the Members entitled to vote thereat shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business that requires a vote of the membership. In the absence of a quorum any Officer entitled to preside at, or act as Secretary of, such meeting, shall have the power to expand the discussion of the business and the vote to the full membership via electronic communication or the mail.

Section 6. Voting. At each meeting of the Members, every Regular, Honorary Life, Joint, and Student Member of AAPOR in good standing shall be entitled to one vote in person or by proxy. Any vote may be given by the Member entitled thereto in person or by proxy and via an electronic vote or by mail. At all meetings of the Members, all matters (except as otherwise provided by law, by the Certificate of Incorporation of AAPOR or by these bylaws) shall be decided by a majority of the votes cast by the Members voting in person or by proxy.

Section 7. List of Members. It shall be the duty of the Chairperson of the Membership and Chapter Relations Committee, or other Officer of AAPOR authorized by the Executive Council to maintain a list of members entitled to vote. This list will be made available upon request to be examined by any member.

Section 1. General Powers. The property, affairs and business of AAPOR shall be managed by the Executive Council.

Section 2. Composition and Terms of Office. The Executive Council shall be composed of the President, the Vice President, the Secretary-Treasurer, the Associate Secretary-Treasurer, the Chairpersons and the Associate Chairpersons of the Membership and Chapter Relations Committee, the Conference Committee, the Standards Committee, the Education Committee and the Communications Committee, the Inclusion and Equity Committee, the Past President and three Councillors-at-Large.

No person shall hold more than one position on the Executive Council. An incumbent Executive Councillor who is, pursuant to the provisions of Section 6 of this Article, elected or appointed to another position on the Executive Council shall, upon election or appointment thereto, resign their former position thereon, which position shall then be filled in the manner provided in Section 6 of this Article.

The Vice President shall have a term of office of one year, at the end of which they shall become President. The President shall have a term of office of one year, at the end of which they shall become Past President. The Past President serves as Chairperson of the Committee on Nominations and shall have a term of office of one year.

The Associate Secretary-Treasurer shall have a term of office of one year, at the end of which they shall become Secretary-Treasurer. The Secretary-Treasurer shall have a term of office of one year.

The Associate Chairperson of the Membership and Chapter Relations Committee, Conference Committee, Standards Committee, Education Committee, Communications Committee, and Inclusion and Equity Committee shall have a term of office of one year, at the end of which they shall become Chairperson of the particular Committee of which they were Associate Chairperson. The Chairperson for each of these five committees shall have a term of office of one year.

Councillors-at-large shall have terms of office of three years. Their terms of office shall be staggered so that only one Councillor-at-Large shall be elected each year.

Each person elected to the Executive Council shall take office at the Annual Conference immediately following the election, but in any case no later than 90 days following the conclusion of voting in the annual election, and shall hold office until the expiration of their term of office, or until their death, or until they shall resign, or until they shall have been removed, whichever first occurs.

Section 3. Nominations and Elections. The Association will hold an annual election, with voting open to all members in good standing, for the purpose of filling positions on the Executive Council whose terms will expire that year. All candidates for Executive Council positions must be paid-up members of AAPOR. Student members are not eligible to hold Executive Council positions. No person can be made a candidate without their prior consent. No person can be made a candidate for more than one office. Members of the Committee on Nominations are not eligible for nomination by said committee.

The Committee on Nominations will consist of a minimum of five members appointed by the Past President, who shall chair the committee. The committee composition shall reflect the breadth and diversity of AAPOR membership.

Candidates for Vice-President/President-Elect and Associate Conference Chairperson will be chosen to create a balance between non-commercial (e.g., government, university, and/or non-profit) and commercial organizations. If either of these positions has been filled by members from the commercial sector for two years in a row, the following year’s nominees must come from the non-commercial sector. If either of these positions has been filled by members from the non-commercial sector for two years in a row, the following year’s nominees must come from the commercial sector. No restrictions of this nature apply to candidates for other offices.

The Past President, acting as Chairperson of the Committee on Nominations and on its behalf, shall submit to the members entitled to vote ­ the names and short biographies of two candidates nominated for each Executive Council position to be filled by election. All such nominations shall have been previously approved by the Executive Council. In compiling the list of candidates, both the Committee on Nominations and Executive Council shall make reasonable efforts to ensure that the list reflects the diversity of AAPOR membership in areas such as gender, race, ethnicity, career seniority, organization, and sector (academic, government, commercial and other). The submission of names of candidates to the members entitled to vote shall be not more than ninety (90) nor less than sixty (60) days before the annual meeting of the members and shall be in the manner provided for notice of meetings in Article III, Section 4 of these bylaws. The Past President may, at their option, prior to the preparation of the nominations, poll the members for suggested nominations.

Upon receipt of the names of the candidates submitted by the Past President, any group of at least twenty-five (25) members entitled to vote may nominate another candidate or candidates by so notifying in writing the Past President within fourteen (14) days after the delivery or mailing of such names by the Past President. Thereafter, and subject to the approval of the Executive Council, which has final responsibility for determining candidates to be nominated for positions on the Executive Council, the Past President shall submit the list of candidates as it may be so amended, along with short biographies of any newly added candidates, to the members no less than thirty (30) days before the annual meeting of the members in the manner hereinbefore provided in Article III, Section 4. Executive Council members shall be elected by a plurality of the votes cast by the members. In the event of a tied election, the Executive Council would vote to break the tie. If that vote is also tied, the Executive Committee would vote to break the tie.

Section 4. Resignation. Any Executive Councillor may resign at any time by submitting written notice to the President or the Secretary-Treasurer. Such resignation shall take effect at the time specified therein but in no event prior to being submitted and, unless otherwise specified therein, acceptance of such resignation shall not be necessary in order for it to be effective.

Section 5. Removal. Any Executive Councillor may be removed, either with or without cause, by the vote, at any annual or special meeting of the members, of at least two-thirds (2/3rds) of the members present in person or by proxy entitled to vote thereat, after such removal was first proposed by the Executive Council. The proposal to remove a Councilor may be initiated by the Executive Council. Additionally, if at least fifty (50) members entitled to vote at any annual or special meeting of the members propose to the Executive Council the removal of any member of the Executive Council, their removal shall be proposed to the members at the next annual or special meeting for which notice has not yet been sent.

Section 6. Vacancies on the Executive Council. A vacancy in the office of President shall be filled in the manner set forth in Article V, Section 4. A vacancy in the office of Vice-President shall remain unfilled until the next regular election and until the person so elected takes office. If the office of Past President is vacated for any reason, the office will remain vacant until the next Council election. However, the Executive Council will appoint a Chairperson of the Committee of Nominations, to fulfill those responsibilities of the Past President. Such an appointment shall be filled in the same manner as Executive Council vacancies, as described below. Any other vacancy on the Executive Council caused by death, resignation, disqualification, removal, or any other cause, may be filled by a vote of the majority of the remaining Executive Councillors even if less than a quorum. Each Executive Councillor so chosen must be a paid-up member of AAPOR meeting the qualifications of Article IV, Section 3. They shall hold such office until the expiration of their predecessor’s term of office.

Section 7. Place of Meetings, Offices, and Records. Except as otherwise provided by law, the Executive Council may hold its meetings, have one or more offices, and keep the books and records of AAPOR, at such place or places within or without the State of Delaware as the Executive Council may from time to time determine.

Section 8. Regular Meetings. The Executive Council shall meet during and at the same place as the Annual Conference of the members. The Executive Council will provide, by resolution, the time and place for holding additional regular meetings. The Executive Council shall meet at least three times per year.

Section 9. Special Meetings. Special meetings of the Executive Council shall be held whenever called by the President, Vice President or Secretary-Treasurer. Notice of each such meeting shall be sent to each Executive Councillor, addressed to them at their usual place of residence or usual place of business at least three (3) calendar days before the day on which the meeting is to be held, or shall be sent to said Executive Councillor by electronic communication, telephone or in-person at least one (1) day before the day on which the meeting is to be held. Each such notice shall state the time and place of the meeting but need not state the purposes thereof, except as otherwise herein expressly provided. Any Executive Councillor attending the meeting may not protest the outcome of any vote the Executive Councillors cast at such meeting regardless of whether properly notified of the meeting by the procedures described above.

Section 10. Quorum and Manner of Acting. Except as otherwise provided by statute, one half (1/2) of the total number of Executive Councillors shall be required to constitute a quorum for the transaction of business at any meeting, and the act of a majority of the Executive Councillors present at any meeting at which a quorum shall be present shall be the act of the Executive Council. In the absence of a quorum, a majority of Councillors attending may cancel the meeting. Executive Council meetings shall be conducted according to Robert’s Rules of Order.

Section 11. Remuneration. Executive Councillors shall not receive any salary for their services as such, but by resolution of the Executive Council expenses of attendance, if any, may be allowed for attendance at each regular and special meeting of the Executive Council. This section shall not preclude any Executive Councillor from serving AAPOR in any other capacity for which they receive remuneration.

Section 12. Special Procedures.

(a) Any action required or permitted to be taken at any meeting of the Executive Council may be taken via conference telephone call or electronic communication if the occurrence of such actions are filed with the minutes or proceedings of the Executive Council.

(b) Members of the Executive Council may participate in a meeting of the Executive Council by means of conference telephone or similar communications equipment by means of which all persons participating in the meeting can hear each other, and participation in such a meeting shall constitute presence in person at such meeting.

Section 1. Officers. The officers of AAPOR shall be a President, a Vice President, a Past President, a Secretary-Treasurer, and an Associate Secretary-Treasurer, who shall constitute the Executive Committee of the AAPOR Executive Council.  The Executive Committee shall have the authority to act on behalf of AAPOR during the interval between Executive council meetings on time-sensitive matters, provided that a report of actions taken is made to the Executive Council within 10 days of any action. All actions taken by the Executive Committee are subject to change by a vote of the Executive Council.

Section 2. Other Officers and Agents.  AAPOR may have such other officers and agents as may be deemed necessary by the Executive Council. Such other officers and agents shall be appointed in such manner, have such duties and hold their offices for such terms as may be determined by the Executive Council.

Section 3. The President. The President shall be the chief executive officer of AAPOR and shall be responsible for fulfilling the purposes of AAPOR. They shall serve as Chairperson of the Executive Council and as the official representative of AAPOR in its relations with other organizations and the public. The President shall serve as an ex officio member of all committees.

Section 4. The Vice President. Except where by law the signature of the President is required, the Vice President shall possess the same power as the President to sign all certificates, contracts, obligations and other instruments on behalf of AAPOR. In the event of the temporary absence or disability of the President, the Vice President shall perform all duties of the President, and when so acting, shall have all the powers of, and be subject to all the restrictions upon, the President. In the event of the removal, resignation, death, or the disqualification of the President, the Vice President shall assume the Office of President for the balance of the current term; at the expiration of such term they shall continue in the office of President as provided in Article IV, Section 2.

Section 5. The Past President. The Past President shall serve as Chairperson of the Committee on Nominations. In the event of the absence or disability of the President and the Vice President, the Past President shall serve as the official representative of AAPOR in its relations with other organizations and the public.

Section 6. The Secretary-Treasurer. The Secretary-Treasurer shall oversee the preparation and distribution of minutes of all the proceedings of the meetings of the Members and of the Executive Council to all Council members; they shall also be responsible for communicating with the membership. The Secretary-Treasurer shall keep and disburse the moneys of AAPOR, as limited by these bylaws and as directed by the Executive Council, shall keep correct books of account, shall render to the President and to the Executive Council at the regular meetings thereof, or whenever requested by them, reports of financial transactions by him or her and of the financial condition of AAPOR. The Secretary-Treasurer shall serve as chair of the Finance Committee. The Secretary-Treasurer shall also perform such other duties as shall be assigned to that office by the President or the Executive Council and in general shall perform all duties incident to the office of Secretary.

Section 7. The Associate Secretary-Treasurer. The Associate Secretary-Treasurer shall perform any portion of the duties of the Secretary-Treasurer, as stated in Section 6, at the request of the Secretary-Treasurer or the Executive Council. They shall serve as associate chair of the Finance Committee. They shall act in place of the Secretary-Treasurer in the event of the absence or disability of the latter.

Section 1. The Standing Committees. There shall be eight (8) standing committees: Nominations, Membership and Chapter Relations, Conference, Standards, Communications, Education, Inclusion and Equity, and Finance.

Section 2. The Executive Council shall determine the charge, composition, terms, role of non-members of AAPOR, succession planning, concurrent committee membership, concurrent leadership roles (with the exception of the elected standing committee chairs) , reappointment and/or such other policy considerations that may be required to effectively govern AAPOR. Policies and procedures concerning standing committees, ad hoc committees, task forces or other groups appointed to accomplish the work of the association adopted by the Executive Council, shall be available on the AAPOR website.

(a) The Committee on Nominations shall prepare the lists of nominations for the election of Executive Councillors for submission by its Chairperson, as set out in Section 3 of Article IV of these bylaws.

(b) The Committee on Membership and Chapter Relations shall have the responsibility of recruiting members and regularly reporting to Council information on membership trends, composition, and retention; it shall be responsible for carrying out activities designed to further membership retention and for other membership matters which may arise. It shall also be responsible for the liaison with local chapters.

(c) The Conference Committee shall be responsible for planning and organizing the annual conference or conferences of the Members of AAPOR under the direction of the Executive Council.

(d) The Committee on Standards, shall act to improve professional standards in the field of public opinion and survey research and shall be responsible for addressing complaints brought forth by the Members of AAPOR regarding violations of the Code or the Conduct Policy.

(e) The Committee on Communications shall be responsible for oversight of AAPOR communications strategy. This committee shall establish and maintain relations between AAPOR and the public and shall assist the President and the Executive Council in the dissemination of information relating to public opinion and survey research, and the policies and activities of AAPOR. The Committee shall be responsible for oversight of publications and online content, excluding journals, whether peer-reviewed or not.

(f) The Education Committee shall have the responsibility for advising the Executive Council on educational and professional development activities, as well as overseeing and causing the implementation of such activities. The Committee will work closely with the Conference Committee.

(g) Except for the Committee on Nominations, each standing committee shall have a Chairperson and an Associate Chairperson, the Associate Chairperson carrying out the duties of the Chairperson during their temporary absence or disability. The Chairperson of the Committee on Nominations is the Past President and in the event of their absence, disability, death, removal, or resignation the duties of such Chairperson shall be performed by the person selected by the Executive Council pursuant to Article IV, Section 6 of these bylaws.

(h) The Finance Committee shall be responsible for oversight of AAPOR investment strategies and policies and revenue development for the Association.

(i) The Inclusion and Equity Committee shall be responsible for the oversight of AAPOR’s inclusion and equity strategies. This committee shall establish, implement, and maintain programs that promote the inclusion of diverse AAPOR members and ensure that member of marginalized groups receive equitable opportunities, recognition, and support within the organization.

Section 3. Review and Approval of Committee Action. The actions of the eight (8) standing committees and all ad hoc committees, subcommittees, task forces or other groups appointed to accomplish the work of the association shall be subject to the review and approval of the Executive Council.

Section 4. Manner of Acting. Subject to the directions of the Executive Council, the Chairperson of each standing committee may fix its rules of procedure, fix the time and place, whether within or without the State of Delaware, of its meetings and specify what notice thereof, if any, shall be given.

Section 5. Representation of the Diversity of AAPOR Membership on Committees. Inasmuch as the success of AAPOR in achieving its goals is deemed to be most achievable through active involvement of its many and diverse members, AAPOR will endeavor to represent the breadth and diversity of its membership in appointments to its Committees. Diversity in this context includes, but is not limited to, diversity in employment, age, sexual preference, religion, chapter vs. non-chapter affiliation, geographical region, race, ethnicity and gender identity, or expression.

Section 6. Standing and Ad Hoc Committees Ad Hoc committees include but are not limited to task forces and working groups. Except as otherwise provided in these bylaws, the Executive Council shall create and may discharge all standing and ad hoc committees, task forces or other groups appointed to accomplish the work of AAPOR. Except as otherwise provided in these bylaws, the Council shall appoint the chairs of all committees and approve the appointments of committee members. Such committees, however, are not empowered to exercise any of the powers or authority of the Executive Council. The Chairperson of each such committee may fix its rules of procedure, determine its action and fix the time and place, whether within or without the State of Delaware, of its meetings and specify what notice thereof, if any, shall be given, unless the Executive Council shall otherwise provide. Each committee shall regularly report to a designated member of the Executive Council. The Executive Council may change the members of any such committee at any time, fill vacancies therein or discharge any such committee with or without cause at any time.

Section 1.  Upon application to and approval of the Executive Council, Members of AAPOR may organize into local chapters with the aim of furthering the general purposes of AAPOR and shall be given recognition by AAPOR. There cannot be more than one local chapter per area (as determined by Executive Council). The Executive Council may at any time, in its sole discretion, revoke such recognition.

Section 2.  All chapters will have bylaws and other organizational documents that are reasonably consistent with the AAPOR’s goals and objectives as determined by Executive Council. AAPOR shall grant to Chapters a conditional, revocable, non-exclusive license to use the name “AAPOR”. Chapters are recognized by AAPOR and acknowledged to be separate organizations.  As such, AAPOR bears no liability for actions of Local Chapters or their obligations or liabilities and each Local Chapter shall waive, release and indemnify and hold AAPOR harmless from and against any and all loss, claim or liability that might arise in connection with its existence and activities. To ensure clarity of understanding and affirmative agreement, each Chapter will sign an agreement acknowledging acceptance of this Article and other appropriate matters governing the relationship between AAPOR and such Chapter.

Section 3. Officers in officially recognized local Chapters must be paid-up members of AAPOR. Local Chapter members need not be members of AAPOR.

Section 4.  All AAPOR Chapter members must adopt the AAPOR Conduct Policy and the AAPOR Code of Professional Ethics and Practices as a condition of Chapter membership.

Section 5.  Executive Council liaison to Local Chapters will be the Chair of the Membership and Chapter Relations Committee.

Section 6. Local Chapters shall not, except with the express approval of the Executive Council, make any public statement or enter into any contracts on behalf of AAPOR or in any manner represent, obligate or legally bind AAPOR. Local Chapters shall not take any action contrary to the policies and purposes of AAPOR.

Section 1. Annual Conference. The Executive Council shall in May, or at such other time as it may from time to time determine, in each year convene an Annual Conference of the Members of AAPOR. Each Annual Conference shall be held at such place within or without the State of Delaware as shall be fixed by the Executive Council.

Section 2. Other Events. Other events may be conducted by AAPOR with the prior approval of Executive Council. The events must be consistent with the objectives of AAPOR and not conflict with the Annual Conference or the Advisory Business Meeting.

The goals of AAPOR are to support sound and ethical practices in the conduct of public opinion and survey research and in the use of such research for policy and decision-making in the public and private sectors, as well as to improve public understanding of public opinion and survey research methods and the proper use of survey research results. Additionally, AAPOR is committed to providing a safe and welcoming environment for everyone attending or associated with our events and activities and to providing an environment that is free from harassment and discrimination.

To that end, AAPOR has a written the Code of Professional Ethics and Practices (“The Code”) and the Conduct Policy. Members must confirm their agreement with these annually, at the time of membership renewal, on the Code.

As the Code and Conduct Policy are living documents, the Standards committee will review them at least every five years to keep them current with changing environmental circumstances. Suggested Code or Conduct Policy revisions will be presented by the Standards Committee to Council. Revisions as then agreed to by Council, along with the rationale for them, will be presented to the membership for its approval by way of a ballot. Approval will require a majority of those voting and at least 25% of eligible voters must vote.

The Executive Council shall from time to time determine annual dues to be paid by Members and the manner and time of assessment and collection thereof provided, however, the dues to be paid by Student Members shall not be more than one half (1/2) the dues to be paid by Regular Members.

Section 1. Orders for the Payment of Money and Contracts. Except as aforesaid or as specifically authorized by the Executive Council, all checks, drafts or bills of exchange or other orders for the payment of money issued in the name of AAPOR shall be signed on behalf of AAPOR by either the President, the Vice President or the Secretary-Treasurer. Except as aforesaid or as specifically authorized by the Executive Council, no officer, agent or employee shall have any power or authority to bind AAPOR by any contract or engagement or to pledge its credit or to render it liable pecuniarily for any purpose or for any amount.

Section 2. Loans. No loan or advance shall be contracted on behalf of AAPOR, and no negotiable instrument shall be issued in its name, unless authorized by the Executive Council. Loans and advances so authorized by the Executive Council may be effected at any time for AAPOR from any bank, trust company or other institution, or from any firm, corporation or individual. All bonds, notes and other obligations or evidences of indebtedness of AAPOR issued for such loans and advances shall be made, executed and delivered by two persons, one of whom shall be the President or the Vice President and the other of whom shall be the Secretary-Treasurer. When so authorized by the Executive Council, any and all stocks, securities and other personal property held or owned by AAPOR may be pledged, hypothecated and transferred as security for the payment of any and all loans, advances, indebtedness and liabilities of AAPOR and of the interest thereon, and to that end necessary endorsements, assignments, and delivery may be made by the President or the Vice President.

Section 3. Deposits. All funds of AAPOR not otherwise employed shall be deposited in a timely manner to the credit of AAPOR in such banks, trust companies or other depositaries as the Executive Council may select. The Executive Council may make such special rules and regulations with respect to such bank accounts, not inconsistent with the provisions of these bylaws, as it may deem expedient. For the purpose of deposit and for the purpose of collection for the account of AAPOR, checks, drafts and other orders for the payment of money which are payable to the order of AAPOR shall be endorsed, assigned and delivered by the President, the Vice President, the Secretary-Treasurer, the Associate Secretary-Treasurer, or by someone or agent specifically authorized by the Executive Council.

Section 1.  The fiscal year of AAPOR shall be the twelve-month period from January 1 through December 31 unless otherwise determined by the Executive Council.

Section 2.  All financial reporting should be consistent with AAPOR’s fiscal year unless otherwise determined by the Executive Council.

Whenever any notice whatsoever is required to he given by these bylaws or by the Certificate of Incorporation or by the laws of the State of Delaware, a waiver thereof in writing, signed by the person or persons entitled to said notice, whether before or after the time stated therein, shall be deemed equivalent thereto.

These bylaws may be amended by a vote of a majority of 25% or more of the Members in accordance with the laws of the State of Delaware.

Executive Council will review the bylaws at least every five years to determine the need for amendments.

Diversity

Report to AAPOR Executive Council from Working Group on Long Term Diversity

INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND
As a multidisciplinary organization, AAPOR has held a long commitment to diversity. This commitment to diversity is stated in Article VI, Section 5 of AAPOR’s Bylaws, in which the “breadth and diversity of its membership” are to be reflected in the appointments to AAPOR’s committees; in the AAPOR 2025 Strategic Vision, in which AAPOR commits to promote our core values across. its membership regardless of employment, geographic, and social and demographic characteristics (including as specified in the Statement on Diversity and Inclusion their sex, gender, gender identity, age, race, race, religion, ethnic background, nationality, sexual orientation, or disability status); and in the 2013-2014 Strategic Plan in which diversity is identified as an important driver for the future direction of the organization. AAPOR’s commitment to diversity is also demonstrated by the requirement that key leadership positions such as President, Conference Chair and Councilor-at-large are rotated between individuals from for-profit and nonprofit organizations. In early 2016, AAPOR reaffirmed and deepened its commitment by adopting its first formal diversity statement.

Across these documents, AAPOR recognizes that increasing and valuing diversity at all levels of the organization are necessary to maintain the “big tent” nature of the organization. By having a diverse membership and leadership, AAPOR can:

  • Identify and promote new ideas to benefit members and advance the profession;
  • Strengthen and grow the membership base;
  • Serve the wide range of researchers who use the tools that AAPOR is uniquely positioned to provide (such as Standard Definitions for Response Rates);
  • Quickly respond to issues that may arise within the research industry; and
  • More effectively represent the many constituencies served by AAPOR.

Despite a written commitment to diversity, recent analyses of characteristics of individuals in existing leadership roles, committee compositions, and the membership at large have raised concerns that AAPOR has fallen short of implementing its commitment to diversity.  For example, the 2016 Presidential Address identified that the share of AAPOR Presidents who are women is far lower than the share of members who are women, and a report to Executive Council in 2015 from the Membership and Chapters Relation Committee showed that many of the AAPOR Committees were unrepresentative in terms of committee member characteristics compared to membership characteristics.  In June 2016, AAPOR Executive Council created a working group to develop a comprehensive plan for Council that would lay out AAPOR’s next steps to enhance diversity in the long term for the organization and more broadly for our industry.

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AAPOR Conduct Policy

As a professional association, AAPOR fully supports and values our members having collegial interactions that yield interpersonal connections, as well as intellectual outcomes: discussions, differing viewpoints, and scientific debates. Our events and activities are held in the spirit of free inquiry and free expression, which is important and necessary for advancing the science and practice of public opinion research. We pride ourselves on our professionalism and our respect for others.

AAPOR’s membership is global. Our conferences, meetings, journals, listserv and activities bring together people from around the world, and from many different cultures. As such, we need to be sensitive to cultural contexts that vary not only among regions of the USA, but also among regions of the world. We must also be sensitive to legacies that have produced discriminatory and prejudicial beliefs and practices, which threaten AAPOR’s coveted inclusive environment.

AAPOR is committed to providing a safe and welcoming environment for everyone attending or associated with our events, listserv exchanges, and activities including AAPOR members, guests, staff, vendors, exhibitors, contractors, as well as venue staff. We are committed to providing an environment that is free from harassment and discrimination, whether sexual or otherwise, based on gender, age, race, ethnicity, national origin, religion, language, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, disability, health, socioeconomic status, marital status, domestic status, political affiliation, or parental status. Harassment and discrimination undermine the principle of equality and respect and are serious forms of professional misconduct.  AAPOR members who violate this policy will be subject to discipline.

The following Policy outlines expectations, reporting, and procedures for everyone, members and non-members, who attends or participates in AAPOR events, activities, or operations.
These include but are not limited to:

  • In-person gatherings such as conferences, meetings, short courses or local chapter activities.
  • Online, “virtual” events such as webinars or virtual conferences.
  • Emails, telephone calls and any other online or offline communication related to AAPOR business.
  • Online forums such as AAPORnet.

AAPOR members, guests, staff, vendors, exhibitors, contractors, as well as venue staff are expected to treat each other in a professional manner and behave professionally while conducting or engaging in AAPOR business or participating in AAPOR activities.

All participants at AAPOR and AAPOR Regional Chapter meetings (including AAPOR members, guests, vendors, venue staff, etc.) are expected to abide by this Policy in all meeting venues including ancillary events as well as official and unofficial social gatherings. Our baseline expectation is for all participants to:

  • Follow the norms of professional respect that are necessary to promote the conditions for free academic interchange.
  • Be proactive in helping to mitigate or avoid any harm, be it physical or psychological, to any conference participant that you personally witness.
  • Alert law enforcement or conference security personnel or appropriate authorities if you see a situation in which someone might be in imminent physical danger.

What is prohibited? Harassment toward others while conducting or engaging in AAPOR business or participating in AAPOR activities will not be tolerated.

Definitions of Harassment: Harassment consists of a single or multiple persistent or pervasive acts which are demeaning, abusive, offensive, or create a hostile professional environment. Harassment may include sexual solicitation, physical advance, or verbal or non-verbal conduct that is sexual in nature; it may also include threatening, intimidating, or hostile acts; circulation of written or graphic material that denigrates or shows hostility toward an individual or group; epithets, slurs, or negative stereotyping based on group identity. Unprofessional behavior is not limited to face-to-face interactions. As such, it also includes written, electronic, and telephone communication.

Sexual harassment refers to unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature. Behavior and language that are welcome or acceptable to one person or culture may be unwelcome and offensive to another. Personal or cultural acceptance is not a justification for any unwelcome form of behavior.   The following are examples of behavior that, when unwelcome, constitute sexual harassment:

  • Sexual flirtations, advances, or propositions;
  • Verbal comments or physical actions of a sexual nature, including sexually degrading words used to describe an individual;
  • Making unwelcome comments about someone’s physical appearance;
  • A display of sexually suggestive objects or pictures;
  • Sexually explicit jokes;
  • Unwanted touching;
  • Persistent and unwelcome solicitation of emotional or physical intimacy, especially when accompanied by real or implied threat of professional or other type of harm.

Other Harassment. Harassment on the basis of any other protected characteristic is also prohibited. This conduct includes, but is not limited to prejudicial actions or comments related to actual or perceived gender, gender identity, race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, ability, socioeconomic status, age, or religion that coerce others, foment broad hostility, or otherwise undermine professional equity or the principles of free academic exchange.

Verbally or physically abusive behavior toward others while conducting or engaging in AAPOR business or participating in AAPOR activities will not be tolerated. Examples of such behavior include, but are not limited to:

  • Bullying;
  • Knowingly communicating false information about someone else;
  • Intimidating, harassing, abusive, derogatory or demeaning speech or actions;
  • Directing abusive profanity toward others;
  • Behavior that has the effect of humiliating others;
  • Mobbing (i.e., group bullying an individual);
  • Property damage;
  • Deliberate intimidation, stalking or following;
  • Harassing photography or recording;
  • Sustained disruption of talks or other events;
  • Physical assault;
  • Real or implied threat of physical harm;
  • Other unprofessional or inappropriate behavior.

If you believe that you are or have been subjected to harassment, speak up if you feel safe doing so. Communicate, in an effective form, to the person who you believe is acting inappropriately that their behavior is unwelcome. Explicitly identifying inappropriate behavior communicates 1) that one perceives the act as crossing a professional line, and 2) one does not wish it to continue. When the communication is in the presence of others, it also increases the likelihood of bystander intervention. Letting others know you believe you are receiving unwanted or unwarranted attention also creates the opportunity for an additional point of view to help clarify any misperceptions, as well as provide an additional witness when there is inappropriate conduct.

If you witness potential harm, such as physical contact or hostile verbal behavior, be proactive in helping to mitigate or avoid elevated harm among the actors. Alert law enforcement or conference security personnel  if you see a situation in which someone might be in imminent physical danger or feel unsafe intervening yourself.

If you are or have been subjected to harassment and are not comfortable addressing it  directly with the individual, if the behavior does not stop, or if you remain concerned about the incident, concerns should be reported in the manner stated below.

If you experience harassment that results in physical harm, makes you feel physically unsafe, or otherwise requires an immediate response, you should alert law enforcement or conference security.

B. Formal Reporting

  1. Submit a report via the online form which goes directly to an Ad Hoc Conduct Committee, consisting of AAPOR’s Executive Director[1], President, MCR Chair, Senior Councilor-at-Large, Standards Chair, and an Inclusion and Equity Committee representative. Should any member of the Ad Hoc Conduct Committee be the subject of a complaint, the person(s) will be replaced by another person in similar office (e.g., Past President, Associate MCR Chair, etc.). This Ad Hoc Conduct Committee will report through the Standards Committee.
  2. Instructions provided on what to report – e.g., (i) a statement describing the alleged action or violation, (ii) the date or dates when the alleged violation occurred, (iii) the AAPOR event/meeting/connection, (iv) the name(s) of the individual(s) alleged to be in violation, (v) any other witnesses to the event(s), and (vi) the name of the complainant along with his or her contact information, including telephone number, postal address, and e-mail address.
  3. Within two (2) business days (or 24 hours during in-person events, like conference), the Executive Director responds to complainant on behalf of the Ad Hoc Conduct Committee with a message saying that the incident/issue will be investigated within 30 days. The complainant will be told to reach out directly to the Executive Director and/or President if 1) the person wants to discuss the matter more quickly or 2) if they haven’t heard back within 2 business days or 24 hours during in-person events.

C. Review Process

  1. Ad-Hoc Conduct Committee reviews written report of violation. Committee reaches out to the person whose conduct is in question in the complaint and that person can provide their own written account of the incident(s).  The Committee may reach out to the complainant and/or any other named witnesses as needed. The Ad-Hoc Conduct Committee may secure the service of an independent professional Ombudsperson as deemed appropriate and necessary in any given complaint.
  2. The Ad-Hoc Conduct Committee will decide about possible action within 30 days of the complainant report.

D. Decision-Making by AAPOR
Authority: AAPOR reserves the right to have sole discretion over decision-making regarding standards of conduct in its organizational activities and at its sponsored events–online or in-person, local or national– and to determine any associated penalties. By agreeing to terms of registration at AAPOR sponsored events—including AAPOR discussion boards and list-serves—members and participants, as well as their guests, are subject to AAPOR’s conduct policy. AAPOR will have no liability in connection with the stated penalties below; and there will be no refund or compensation of any kind associated therewith.

After a review by the Ad Hoc Conduct Committee and based on the merits of the complaint and any records of prior complaints, the Ad Hoc Conduct Committee will seek a consensus on the appropriately judged outcome. Majority opinion will rule if consensus is not achieved.  The outcomes include:

•  Declination to take action
•  Temporary or permanent removal from AAPOR list-serve
•  Temporary or permanent removal from AAPOR leadership, committee, or volunteer role
•  Revocation of registration for upcoming AAPOR sponsored event(s) refunding of registration fees will be determined by the event’s cancellation policy
•  Immediate expulsion from an AAPOR sponsored event(s) with no refund for any fees paid
•  Temporary or permanent ban from participation in AAPOR sponsored event(s)
•  Temporary or permanent revocation of AAPOR membership (or local chapter membership) with no refunds for any fees paid

Referral to Law Enforcement: AAPOR Executive Director, officers and members of the Ad-Hoc Conduct Committee will review federal offense reporting standards (e.g., Clery Act) tied to violent threats, assault, and other related acts. In cases where the behavior could be unlawful, AAPOR will immediately refer the incident to local law enforcement authorities.

E. Referral to Executive Council
The Standards Chair will report on the Ad Hoc Conduct Committee decisions, but not the facts thereof— via the Standards Chair at AAPOR’s next occurring Executive Council Meeting. The decisions will be announced (decision information only) not subject to vote but entered into the minutes by acclamation. The “facts” of the complaints will be archived with AAPOR’s Executive Office and in its historical archives with other confidential Standards files, and not made a part of the public minutes. All AAPOR Chapter presidents will receive a memorandum communicating the decision and the affected parties for their information and consideration. It will be the responsibility of AAPOR event and organizational leaders to review participant lists to identify individuals who are under temporary or permanent restrictions.

The complaint form and all related materials prepared for Executive Council and the Ad Hoc Conduct Committee will be kept confidential. All Executive Council and Ad Hoc Conduct Committee discussions related to the specifics of the complaint will be treated as privileged communication with no information recorded that would identify the incident or any individuals involved in the incident.

F. Reinstatement and Appeals
A person subject to a temporary ban will be automatically reinstated when the ban expires.

All decisions rendered by the Ad Hoc Conduct Committee are subject to appeal by either the complainant or the person who received a temporary or permanent ban.  The appeal must be submitted in writing to the AAPOR Executive Council stating the justification for the appeal. The appeal must also be submitted within six (6) months of the time the Ad Hoc Conduct Committee rendered their decision.  The appeal will be reviewed by an Appeals Committee consisting of the AAPOR Vice President, AAPOR Past President, AAPOR Executive Director (non-voting member), and three AAPOR Executive Council members who were not on the Ad Hoc Conduct Committee and had not previously  reviewed details of the complaint.  If a majority of the Appeals Committee agree that there is justification for an appeal then they may review written reports of the violation. This Appeals Committee may reach out to the complainant and/or any other named witnesses as needed to gather additional information. The Appeals Committee may secure the service of an independent professional Ombudsperson as deemed appropriate and necessary in any given complaint. A different Ombudsperson will be used if the Ad Hoc Conduct Committee used an Ombudsperson in coming up with their original decision.
The Appeals Committee will render a decision on the appeal within 45 days.

Additional Resources
https://www.rainn.org/after-sexual-assault
http://victimsofcrime.org/help-for-crime-victims/national-hotlines-and-helpful-links